Phases of Development In Picture Making

Children love to colour and draw, and as they continue to play in this way the complexity of their drawing evolves. Here are the phases at which their drawing develops.


Phase 1: Scribble, Patch, Oval

  • Makes marks on the paper
  • Experiments with the media
  • Does not know what has ben made
  • Expresses little language about painting
  • Children usually don’t want to discuss their art at this stage, parent’s response to children’s efforts should be supportive of the child’s efforts. Parents might say “painting is fun!” or “you’re very busy!”


Phase 2:

  • Children’s drawings will begin to look more like people.
  • The start by adding lines and dots to an oval shape
  • They then may make a big head with dots and lines for eyes, nose, mouthm legs and sometimes arms and will attach the legs and arms directly to the head
  • Next, children will lengthen the legs and attempt body outlines, they will paint figures with varied torsos and attach the arms to the torso


Source: Petersen, Sandra H., and Donna S. Wittmer. Infant and Toddler Curriculum, 2nd Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions, 2012. VitalBook file.


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